Neanderthals were using chemical reaction to light fire

Although the idea that Neanderthals knew how to use the fire was largely accepter, it was not clear if they were able to turn it on or they used the natural flames, such as those produced by lightning.
To shed light on the issue, a study published in Scientific reports that they analyzed the findings of blocks of manganese dioxide at the excavations of Pech-de-l’Azé I, in southwestern France. Where excavations, which are dating back to 50,000 years ago, are showing traces of Neanderthal. So far the best hypothesis about the discovery of these blocks of manganese dioxide was that it was used by Homo neanderthalensis as a kind of trick, or rather as a pigment to decorate the body.

What might suggest that Neanderthals were able to start the fire, from scratch, using nothing less than some chemistry is some archaeological evidence about the presence of powder of manganese dioxide in hearths. Also considering that to decorate their body, the coal fire was more available and easily accessible than manganese dioxide, which is preferred to other manganese oxides.

The researchers notes that “the combustion and thermogravimetric measurements show that the manganese dioxide reduces the self-ignition temperature of the wood, and substantially increases the coal combustion capability, suggesting that the most appropriate use of this substance was inn fact to produce fire”.

Practically, the Neanderthals could have treated the wood with this substance to start the fire, because it was easier. The more we know them, the more the stereotype of rough and undeveloped Neanderthals appear to be wrong.

Source: Come i Neanderthal sfruttavano la chimica per accendere il fuoco – Wired

Colin Wilson – Neanderthals

The history of Neanderthal influence from Atlantis to the contemporary era

• Provides evidence of Neanderthal man’s superior intelligence

• Explores the unexplained scientific and architectural feats of ancient civilizations

• Presents an alternative history of humankind since 7500 B.C. with an emphasis on esoteric traditions and the history of Christianity from the Essenes onward

In Atlantis and the Kingdom of the Neanderthals Colin Wilson presents evidence of a widespread Neanderthal civilization as the origin of sophisticated ancient knowledge. Examining remarkable archaeological discoveries that date back millennia, he suggests that civilization on Earth is far older than we have previously realized. Using this information as a springboard, Wilson then fills in the gaps in the past 100,000 years of human history, providing answers to previously unexplained scientific and architectural feats of ancient civilizations.

Wilson shows that not only did Atlantis exist but that the civilizing force behind it was the Neanderthals. Far from being the violent brutes they are traditionally depicted as, Wilson shows that the Neanderthals had sophisticated mathematical and astrological knowledge, including an understanding of the precession of the equinoxes, and that they possessed advanced telepathic abilities akin to the “group consciousness” evident in flocks of birds and schools of fish. These abilities, he demonstrates, have been transmitted through the ages by the various keepers of the hermetic tradition–including the Templars, Freemasons, and other secret societies. In the course of his investigation, Wilson also finds new information about historical links between the Masonic tradition and the Essenes that indicate that America was “discovered” long before Columbus set sail and that Jesus actually survived crucifixion and fled to France with his wife Mary Magdalene.