If you missed the live (as I did), it’s not to late to watch it now!
It’s been only one year since John A. Ruskamp Jr., Ed.D., reported that he identified an outstanding Chinese petroglyphs, hidden in plain sight, above a walking path in Albuquerque’s Petroglyph National Monument.
Now, the growing list of seemingly out-of-place Chinese artefacts can count on a new votive sword. Actually, the 30cm object was found in July 2014 by an avocational surface collector, behind roots in an eroded bank of a small stream in Georgia, but it is only now being made public due to the fact that still little is known about it.
Yet, even if we don’t know much about its origin, the shape and the many symbols it shows are clearly related to the jade objects from the Xia (2070-1600 BC), Shang (1600-1046 BC) and Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC). The feathered crown, as well as the dragon figure spanning a portion of the top of the blade, are typical to the Shang Dynasty. And a grotesque face mask, on the guard and handle of the sword, called Taotie, originates to the Liangzhu culture (3400-2250 BC).
Now, there is clear similarity between the Taotie symbol and a symbol used by the Mesoamerican Olmec culture (actually, the Chinese-Olmec mythologies and symbolisms, have been the subject of debate for over one hundred years, because of their similarities), which begins during the Shang Dynasty, around 1500 BC. Thus, according some scientist, the Chinese culture could have had a direct influence over the Olmec civilisation and later Mesoamerican culture, including the Mayans. For instance, Chinese may have shown the Olmec the mastery of working jade. Hypothesis leading to the possibility that the votive object might have reached Georgia due to the travelling habits of the Olmecs and other cultures around the Gulf of Mexico, as Haskell suggest…
Despite the many indications of authenticity, it is unlikely that these discovery convince any archaeologists who have dogmatically rejected evidence of an ancient Chinese presence in the Americas.
For the first time, the Lidar* amazing technology has been used to scan the site of Angkor in Cambodia. A group of archaeologists from Sydney has discovered a network of temples that was completely unknown, and an entire city, hidden by the lush forest of Cambodia.
From the four billion laser measurements of Angkor, processed by a high-performance computer, researchers have looked with emotion, the map of entire cities identified, for the first time, from the jungle north-west of Cambodia.
Not only, the extension of the city is even much larger than we thought: “We have found that these structures extend over an area of about 35 square km, rather, of the 9 that had previously been mapped,” said Evans. The city was designed with a very precise urban plan: the streets ran in a grid, precise east/west and north/south, similar to the scheme of the great roads of New York.
The dwellings, elevated on earthen mounds, were higher than the surrounding rice fields, presumably so they wouldn’t flood during the rainy season. The roads were likewise elevated.
Scientists have long wondered who were the people who built these marvelous buildings, where did they live, how were they so successful in the unforgiving environment of monsoon Asia, and perhaps most importantly, what happened to them?
“At least half a dozen previously undocumented temples have been uncovered in the immediate vicinity of Angkor Wat, which more than two million tourists visit every year, along with a previously unknown urban layout within the very confines of the temple’s moat.
In the remote Kulen mountains, in the north of Angkor, where dense forest and extensive mine fields have traditionally frustrated mapping efforts, an entire urban layout has emerged from beneath the vegetation. It corresponds to a previously undiscovered city referred to in thousand-year-old inscriptions as Mahendraparvata.
“The newly discovered cities clearly extend beyond the limited lidar coverage that has so far been achieved, and we are currently fundraising for a second lidar mission to extend that coverage and take a first look at a couple of other temple complexes in the region where, we suspect, entire cities also lie undiscovered on the forest floor”, Evan said.
Lidar can reveal much more. This is just the beginning. Soon archaeologists will unlock the secrets of ancient civilizations!
The National Geographic just published the discovery of a gigantic monument, basically hidden in plain sight, at the World Heritage site of Petra. The news is based according to a study recently published in the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.
Once again the site was uncovered thanks to high-resolution satellite imagery, which enabled archaeologists Sarah Parcak and Christopher Tuttle to locate and document the structure about half a mile (800 meters) south of the center of the ancient city.
The enormous platform, about the size of an Olympic swimming pool, has no known parallels to any other structure in Petra.
While the monument has not been excavated, the presence of surface pottery dating from the mid-second century B.C. suggests that construction of the structure began during the Nabataeans’ initial public building program.
“I’m sure that over the course of two centuries of research [in Petra], someone had to know [this site] was there, but it’s never been systematically studied or written up,” says Tuttle. “I’ve worked in Petra for 20 years, and I knew that something was there, but it’s certainly legitimate to call this a discovery…”
It can be easily considered as one of the greatest discoveries of Ancient Egypt. It was named ‘Labyrinth’ by the Greeks after the complex maze of corridors designed by Daedalus for King Minos of Crete, where the legendary Minotaur dwelt. Yet today, nothing remains of this supposedly grand temple complex – at least not on the surface. And yet only few know about the existence of the incredible underground Labyrinth of ancient Egypt.
There are many discoveries beneath the surface of our planet which could potentially change the way we look at history itself. One of them is a forgotten world of underground chambers and tunnels that have remained unexplored for centuries. Mentioned in ancient texts and local legends, these mysterious chambers have been considered as a myth up until they were actually discovered.
This labyrinth, I have actually seen, is a work beyond words. Put together the buildings of the Greeks and the display of their labours, they would seem lesser in both effort and expense compare to this labyrinth… Even the pyramids are beyond words, and each was equal to many and mighty works of the Greeks. Yet the labyrinth surpasses even the pyramids. Herodotus (‘Histories’, Book, II, 148).
This mysterious underground complex of caverns and chambers is believed to hold the secrets to mankind’s origin, it is said that there, we could find details about unknown civilizations in history, great empires and rulers that lived on the planet before history as we know it began. It is also thought to hold sacred ancient text from the lost civilization of Atlantis. And was described by authors such as Strabo and even Herodotus who had the opportunity to visit and record the legendary labyrinth before it disappeared into history.
It has twelve courts covered in, with gates facing one another, six upon the North side and six upon the South, joining on one to another, and the same wall surrounds them all outside; and there are in it two kinds of chambers, the one kind below the ground and the other above upon these, three thousand in number, of each kind fifteen hundred. The upper set of chambers we ourselves saw;… but the chambers underground we heard about only… For the passages through the chambers, and the goings this way and that way through the courts, which were admirably adorned, afforded endless matter for marvel, as we went through from a court to the chambers beyond it, and from the chambers to colonnades, and from the colonnades to other rooms, and then from the chambers again to other courts. Over the whole of these is a roof made of stone like the walls; and the walls are covered with figures carved upon them, each court being surrounded with pillars of white stone fitted together most perfectly; and at the end of the labyrinth, by the corner of it, there is a pyramid of forty fathoms, upon which large figures are carved, and to this there is a way made under ground. Such is this labyrinth. Herodotus
There is a high level of consistency between the different descriptions of the labyrinth written over six centuries between the 5 th century BC to the 1 st century AD. All of them, for example, describe a roof made out of a single stone slab, and all of the accounts are in agreement about its immense beauty. Greek historian Diodorus Siculus (1 st century BC) gives one of the most colourful descriptions:
When one had entered the sacred enclosure, one found a temple surrounded by columns, 40 to each side, and this building had a roof made of a single stone, carved with panels and richly adorned with excellent paintings. It contained memorials of the homeland of each of the kings as well as of the temples and sacrifices carried out in it, all skilfully worked in paintings of the greatest beauty.
The detailed and consistent descriptions of the labyrinth indicate that it is a place that did indeed exist in the ancient past. In fact, as we will soon discuss, it appears to have already been found…
The enigmatic underground complex is located less than 100 km from Cairo at Hawara. There, in 2008 a group of researchers from Belgium and Egypt arrived to investigate the enigmatic underground complex, with the aid of ground penetrating technology which was used to study the sand in hopes of finding and solving the mystery behind the mysterious underground complex. The Belgian-Egyptian expedition was able to confirm the presence of the underground temple not far from the Pyramid of Amenemhat III.
Without a doubt, the expedition led by Petrie stumbled upon one of the most incredible discoveries in the history of Egypt, and they did not even need to excavate in order to confirm the finding.
Researchers in Mexico Yucatán have announced that an ancient Mayan temple is not only aligned to the sun, it’s also designed to track the movement of the planet Venus. This advanced observatory is confirming (if it was still necessary) that the ancient central american civilisation had extensive knowledge of astronomy.
The observatory is thought to have been used in the Mayan’s early Classic period, between 300 and 600 AD, a millennia or so before the arrival of the Spanish.
“We believe this building used to be a multifunctional facility that was used exclusively by the Mayan elite, specifically for priests-astronomers,” Beatriz Quintal Suaste, a researcher at the Yucatán National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), told the Mexico City newspaper Excelsior.
The structure aligns with the rising and setting of the sun during the spring and fall equinoxes, and the semicircular building is set up so that it casts no shadow in the midday sun.
It appears that Venus (represented in the mythology by the god Noh Ek), the third brightest object in the sky after the sun and moon, was so important to the priests-astronomers of Acanceh that they build the southern edge of the observatory to align with the planet’s northernmost position in the night sky.
Quintal Suaste told Excelsior that the Mayans were able to track Venus’ 584-day cycle through the night sky from the observatory, a hypothesis that’s backed up by the text contained in three codexes that were found at the site.
An international team of researchers* found that the blade of the two dagger of the Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun dagger, dating of the XIV century BCE, is from extraterrestrial origin. The question has been debated since 1925 when the mummy was discovered by archaeologist Howard Carter, as the papirus were altready specifying that it was made of “iron from the sky”. The hypotesis, enthusiasming the “ancient astronaut” theory researched, has been confirmed thanks to an examination performed with the technique of X-ray fluorescence: practically, it was discovered that the iron blade of the dagger contains nickel (10%) and cobalt (0.6%) in concentrations typically observed in metallic meteorites. In addition, the manufacture of the blade with a gold handle worked and small embedded multicolored stones, confirms the high level already achieved in the iron working at the time of Tutankhamun.
This will certainly become one of the most precious discover for those who believe that the humanty has been visited in the past, and especially during the period of the egyptian pharao, by extraterrestrial.
*Politecnico di Milano, the university of Pisa, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, the CNR, University of Fayoum, Politecnico di Torino and XGLab company
Although the idea that Neanderthals knew how to use the fire was largely accepter, it was not clear if they were able to turn it on or they used the natural flames, such as those produced by lightning.
To shed light on the issue, a study published in Scientific reports that they analyzed the findings of blocks of manganese dioxide at the excavations of Pech-de-l’Azé I, in southwestern France. Where excavations, which are dating back to 50,000 years ago, are showing traces of Neanderthal. So far the best hypothesis about the discovery of these blocks of manganese dioxide was that it was used by Homo neanderthalensis as a kind of trick, or rather as a pigment to decorate the body.
What might suggest that Neanderthals were able to start the fire, from scratch, using nothing less than some chemistry is some archaeological evidence about the presence of powder of manganese dioxide in hearths. Also considering that to decorate their body, the coal fire was more available and easily accessible than manganese dioxide, which is preferred to other manganese oxides.
The researchers notes that “the combustion and thermogravimetric measurements show that the manganese dioxide reduces the self-ignition temperature of the wood, and substantially increases the coal combustion capability, suggesting that the most appropriate use of this substance was inn fact to produce fire”.
Practically, the Neanderthals could have treated the wood with this substance to start the fire, because it was easier. The more we know them, the more the stereotype of rough and undeveloped Neanderthals appear to be wrong.
Ammettiamo per un istante l’ipotesi antropologica una umanità preistorica che gode di un alto livello di sviluppo tecnologico. Ci accorgeremo che ci sono evidenze che suggeriscono che gli antichi sembrano aver sviluppato civiltà tecnologicamente molto più avanzata di quanto potremmo immaginare. A sostegno di questa idea, oltre ai mitologici racconti come Atlantide e Mu, ci sono le scoperte di decine di antiche città sommerse sotto gli oceani di tutto il pianeta.
Golfo di Cabay
Situato al largo della costa occidentale dell’India, si stima che la vasta città, scoperta per caso nel corso di un’indagine in materia di inquinamento, potrebbe risalire circa 9.000 anni. Utilizzando un sonar, sono state identificate strutture geometriche definite ad una profondità di circa 120 piedi. Dal sito, hanno recuperato materiale da costruzione, ceramiche, tratti di mura, bacini, sculture, ossa e denti umani. Le prove carbonio indicano che questi pezzi risalgono a 9.500 anni. Prima di questa scoperta, si pensava che la zona non era stata abitata prima delle civiltà del 2500 aC. Questa antica città, addirittura più vecchia della civiltà Harappa, era ritenuta essere la più antica del subcontinente.
Trovata ad una profondità di circa 2000 metri, questa strada traccia una linea retta per più di 20 km. Sembra era stata pavimentata con un cemento composto di alluminio, silicio, calcio, ferro e magnesio.
Le strutture scoperte accidentalmente, al largo della costa giapponese di Yonaguni, offrono architettura antica in forma di pilastri, esagoni, scale, strade, portici, e persino una piramide a gradoni.
Anche se per alcuni le strutture Yonaguni sono il prodotto dell’attività sismica marcata nella zona, gli angoli precisi delle rocce e la loro disposizione in relazione l’uno all’altro suggeriscono che questo sito potrebbe contenere residui di una città sommersa. In’oltre, a favore della tesi artificiale, c’è la composizione chimica delle rocce calcaree (non esiste in quella regione), due aperture di circa 6,5 piedi adiacente alle strutture (che nessuno classifica come formazione naturale) e una roccia ovale che non sembra appartenere al resto del set ma presenta un chiaro orientamento a nord. La città sommersa di Yonaguni è stimata da alcuni come risalente almeno a 10.000 anni.
Just for the beauty…
Every night the same story. Sit outside, on top of a tower, and accurately record the position of the stars, the planets and the clouds. This was the task of an unknown Sumerian astronomer who lived more than 5 thousand years ago. But that night, or rather that morning, would not be like all the others. In fact they were about to break the dawn of 29 June 3123 BC, when in the sky suddenly appeared a strange object which he described as a “big white stone bowl which vigorously flew over the sky”.
The attentive observer would have then gone missing, but his records were scrupulously copied over the centuries until, in 700 a. C., when they were engraved in a clay tablet. The tablet was then preserved in the Library of Assurbanipal (or Sardanapalus, king of Assyria) of Nineveh (near modern Mosul in Iraq). And right here, in the ruins of this city, in the second half of 1800 A.D., he found the English archaeologist Austen Henry Layard. Unable to decipher the cuneiform characters, Layard delivered the tablet in London where he remains today, exhibited at the British Museum under the name of Planisfera K8538. Observed every day by thousands of curious eyes, its contents remained secret for 150 years.
Namely until 2008, when Alan Bond, director of an aerospace company, Reaction Engines, and Mark Hempsell of Bristol University, managed to decipher the tablet and it unveiled the content in the book “A remark on the impact of Sumerian Köfels”.
According to the book, the big white bowl in another sky was not that a huge meteorite that soon would have crashed into a mountain in the Austrian Alps leaving a long trail of destruction in its race. The explosion would have caused, the authors explain, a landslide in the rocks of five kilometers wide and five meters thick traces of which were found years ago near Köfels, a town in the region. The origin of these tracks has long been (and still is) the subject of study and discussion among scientists, uncertain between a cosmic impact is a natural geological phenomenon.
The findings of Bond and Hempsell added arguments to the controversy, and have questioned the dating until most accepted then, the one that traced the landslide 8000 BC about. To formulate their hypothesis, the two scientists inserted the data obtained by deciphering the tablet on a computer can reconstruct the sky 5000 years ago and to simulate the trajectory of the meteorite. According to Bond and Hempsell also in the clash with the mountain the meteorite would have generated an output of 1,000 tons of TNT, producing the Austrian landslide and a shower of incandescent fragments temperature of over 400 ° C that are dispersed in an area around one million square kilometers.
An event that will not go unnoticed, as claimed by the two Englishmen, according to which it is likely that more than Sumerian astronomer there have been many other spectators, and that at least a score of ancient myths have originated that night. The most famous? The greek myth of Phaeton, son of the god Apollo, precipitated with the chariot of the Sun in the river Eridanus (ancient name of the Po) and the biblical destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. And actually the words of ‘Old Testament recall a rain of ash and incandescent fragments:
“Then the LORD rained from heaven upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD; 25 And he overthrew those cities and all the plain and all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground “(Genesis, 19).
We don’t know the exact techniques used by the Egyptians to sculpt the stones so safely and perfectly. Probably, as scholars suggest, they had a lot of patience and a lot of time to sacrifice (as often also suggested for all ancient civilizations creations)…
The plates made of stone, in the photos, are ancient relics and show that, during the early dynastic period, the art of sculpture was already well developed. Bowls and stone dishes/platters, are some of the finest ever found. They are from the earliest period of ancient Egyptian civilization and, while working with soft stone such as alabaster is relatively simple (alabaster can be worked with primitive tools and abrasives), the elegant workings in granite are a different matter, and indicate not only a consummate level of skill, but a different and more advanced technology. The piece on the right is so flawlessly turned that the entire bowl (which about 9″ in diameter) balances perfectly. Which basically requires that the bowl is perfectly symmetrical without any substantial error! The base area is so tiny that any asymmetry in the material would produce a lean in the balance of the finished piece. Such a level pf perfection would surprise expert artisans, as doing such a piece in clay would be very impressive, but in granite it is absolutely incredible!